September 6, 2019 8:53 am

// Boxing and martial arts

Athletes who are professionally engaged in karate, taekwondo and other martial arts will agree that makiwara is the simplest, but the most effective simulator with which you can put a punch, develop its power and strength. Regular and consistent training with makivara allows patient and persistent fighters to achieve amazing results — immaculately accurate and powerful, devastating blows.

Makivara is a projectile with a history, but in the modern world it often gives up its rightful place to innovative, technically pretentious simulators, which, nevertheless, can not always compete with it in efficiency. This article will tell you what makiwara is, what its advantages are, what invaluable benefits it can bring to athletes who improve their skills in the field of martial arts — karate, Thai boxing, taekwondo. You will also learn what types of modern makivars can be found on sale, and get acquainted with the key principles of the correct selection of sports equipment.

Makiwara for martial arts — what kind of projectile is it and its place in the history of karate and taekwondo

Initially, this simulator for practicing countless strokes was just a tightly packed bag of straw tied to an elastic board deeply dug into the ground. Springy under the blows of dostochka was additionally reinforced with masonry, smeared with clay. The fighter gradually crushed the straw during the grueling training, so that the stiffness of the bag increased all the time, and in the end, the blows of his fists fell on the bare tree.

Modern modifications of makiwara have different geometric shapes, sizes, they are made of durable materials, and they can be stuffed with foam rubber and textiles, as well as rubber crumbs. The entire range of these simulators for boxing, karate and taekwondo can be divided into three groups according to operational features:

  • A standing exercise machine is a soft cushion with a vertical tripod, which is installed on the gym floor.
  • A hanging makiwara is a projectile attached to a wall, a crossbar or a tree.
  • Manual makiwara is an option that, by analogy with boxing paws, can be put on a partner (arms or shoulders) to practice strikes on a moving target.
  • Makiwara on the wall is the most popular and in—demand simulator, which is used in most modern martial arts schools. Working with makiwara is an integral element of mastering karate techniques, so you should not give up on it. This is a very useful projectile, which is used to harden fists and strengthen the impact surfaces of hands and feet. Regular training with this simple device allows you to learn how to break several boards (or tiles) with one spectacular crushing blow.

    What is proper work on makiwara — impact techniques and precautions

    It is not difficult to buy a makiwara for taekwondo, karate or boxing by choosing the appropriate option on the pages of the catalog of the online store “League of Sports”. The inventory will be delivered to Kiev or any other city of Ukraine as soon as possible. But beginners should not rush and immediately start training. First, you should familiarize yourself with the principles of operation of a simple and effective simulator.

  • It is extremely important that at the first stage of your training, the makiwara on the wall is soft. Since the whole body is involved in the training process — the ligaments and joints of the wrists, elbows, shoulders, knees, as well as the ankle, adaptation to loads should take place slowly and gradually.
  • Incorrect technique is fraught with injury, therefore, before starting to work with the simulator, it is necessary to warm up, rubbing and kneading the impact surfaces. 
  • In working with makivara, technique is of fundamental importance — the blows must be correct, and their strength increases very gradually. In karate, there are two key types of impact — sticking and splash. Sticking is a penetrating blow without pulling back (there is no recoil into the beating surface), and a splash is a sharp, strong and whiplash blow with instant pulling back. The recoil in the second case passes through the whole body — from the feet to the beating part.
  • “Listen” to your body. Do not overdo it so as not to hurt yourself, but as soon as you feel that your blows have become stronger and clearer, switch to a harder projectile. Start striking with a step, not limited to movements from a free rack.
  • You should hit the projectile without haste and with maximum concentration. Makivara for martial arts on the wall is not just a simulator for physical fitness, it is also an effective work on spiritual development.
  • It is recommended to start exercises with a makivara under the guidance of an experienced mentor, so that the training is safe, and your kick gains power and strength faster, becomes correct and accentuated.

    Makiwara on the wall to practice a crushing blow

    Proper work with makivara allows you to work out many aspects that together form the dream of a fighter — the very destructive blow that makes such an irresistible impression on others. Let’s list the aspects that make up the secret of effective technology:

    • hardening of impact surfaces of hands and feet;
    • functional and constructive stabilization of all shock links;
    • working out the correct spatial location of the fighter’s body to achieve the most powerful blows;
    • working out the feeling of the right distance for killer blows;
    • development of intermuscular and intramuscular coordination to maintain strength throughout the reception;
    • practicing the skill of investing in a full-body blow (with a rigidly tuned makiwara);
    • speed and accuracy training in karate, Thai boxing and taekwondo in the process of working out different bundles and combinations.

    In addition to makivars, which are mounted on the wall, it is advisable to buy makivars for sparring for a full workout. They can be worn on the forearms, and individual models need to be held with both hands by special handles. In karate, when practicing kicks at different heights, such equipment is simply irreplaceable.

    Recommendations for the selection of makiwara for karate and other martial arts

    Novice athletes, independently selecting equipment for themselves, often put makivars and punching bags in the same row. In this case, the question of choice is initially incorrect. For those trying their hand at traditional boxing, the makiwara is really not needed, it is more likely to be useful already in advanced techniques, and for Muay thai and karate classes it is one of the main sports equipment. It all depends on the unique training methodology for each specific martial arts. The key principles of the correct choice of sports equipment which are as follows:

  • The type, geometric shape, density and dimensions of the makiwara are selected for the development of specific techniques. Ideally, the type of projectile should be selected by a coach who knows 100% which type of equipment will be most effective within his individual program.
  • A proven equipment manufacturer is a prerequisite for a competent choice. When planning to buy a makivara in Kiev or other cities of Ukraine, trust reputable brands with an impeccable reputation in the market of sports goods. In the online store the products of the Everlast, Green Hill, V’Noks, RDX brands — the flagships of sports equipment – are deservedly popular.
  • Pay attention to product parameters such as dimensions, filling and material. The optimal material for today in terms of wear resistance is considered to be leather vinyl. PVC is somewhat inferior to it in strength and durability, but it has a more democratic cost. As a filling, a multilayer liner made of very light and dense foam with air channels is usually used. The best shock absorption will ensure the presence of a gel layer in the impact zone in the projectile. In some models, Air pocket technology is used, which provides additional damping of the impact force due to vacuum.
  • When choosing the type of projectile, consider the possibility of training with a sparring partner. In their absence, you need a makiwara on the wall, as a universal option. Wrist makiwara for sparring should be equipped with a sufficient number of reinforced handles on the back side so that you can practice a different grip. An additional handle on top of the makiwara will not hurt either. All these points increase the functionality of the product and expand the range of techniques in the training process.

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